1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
R-7 (8K71)
R-7A (8K74)


R-7 (8K71)
Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74-1959
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75-1959

Total mass: 279,100 kg
Apogee:1,000 km

Maximum Range: 8,000 km
Warhead: 5,370 kg (3 MT)
Warhead CEP: 3,39 km


R-7A (8K74) (SS-6)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74-1959
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75-1959

Total mass: 272,900 kg
Apogee:1,000 km

Maximum Range: 11,000 km

Fairing:
()
(O)
(U)
Test vechicle
Operational R-7
Upgraded R-7A

Launches: 54 (Failures: 9)
/1957-1967/
L F
(8K71)
(8K74)
26
28
5
4
/1957-1960/
/1959-1967/
Sputnik (8A91 PS)
Sputnik (8A91)

Sputnik (8K71PS)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74PS
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75PS

Total mass: 267,000 kg
Apogee:200 km
Payload:
(LEO)84 - 500 kg



Sputnik (8A91)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74PS
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75PS

Total mass: 269,300 kg
Apogee:217 km

Payload:
(LEO)1,327 kg

Fairing:
(1)
(2)
(3)
1
2
3

Launches: 4 (Failures: 1)
/1957-1958/
L F
(8K71PS)
(8A91)
2
2

1
/1957/
/1958/

Payload:
Vostok-L (8A72L)
Vostok (8A72)
Vostok-K (8A72K)

Vostok - L (8K72 L)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0109 / RO-5

Total mass: 277,000 kg
Apogee:400,000 km

Payload:
(TLT) 280 kg

Fairing:
(L1)

Launches: 9 (Failures: 6)
/1958-1960/

Payload:

(8K72L) 1-3 (1, 2, 3)




Vostok (8K72)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0109

Total mass: 281,375 kg
Apogee:200 km

Payload:
(LEO)4,550 kg



Vostok - K (8K72 K)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0109

Total mass: 281,375 kg
Apogee:200 km

Payload:
(LEO)4,730 kg



Vostok - 2 (8A92)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0109

Total mass: 282,300 kg
Apogee:850 km
Payload:
(LEO)4,730 kg(200 km)

Fairing:
(V1)
(V2)
(V3)



Launches: 61 (Failures: 9)
/1960-1967/
L F
(8K72)
(8K72L)
(8A92)
4
13
44
1
2
6
/1960-1960/
/1960-1964/
/1962-1967/

Payload:

(8K72)

(8K72K) , -2,

(8A92) -2

Vostok-2 (8A92)
Vostok-2M (8A92M)

Vostok - 2M (8A92 M)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 × 8D719

Total mass: 282,300 kg
Apogee: 1,000 km

Payload:
(LEO)3,800 kg(850 km)

Fairing:
(V2) ,

Launches: 92 (Failures: 2)
1964-1991/

Payload:

(8A92M) -1, -2, -, -, , -01, , IRS
Polyot (11A59)

Polyot (11A59)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74PS
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75PS

Total mass: 277,000 kg
Apogee: 300 km

Payload:
(LEO) 1,400 kg

Fairing:
(4)

Launches: 2 (Failures: 0)
/1963-1964/
L F
(11A59) 2 /1963-1964/

Payload:
Polyot (11A510)

Polyot (11A510)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107-8D74PS
2.1 ×RD-108-8D75PS

Total mass: 275,000 kg
Apogee: 200 km

Payload:
(LEO) 4,500 kg

Fairing:
(5)
-

Launches: 2 (Failures: 0)
/1965-1966/
L F
(11A510) 2 /1965-1966/

Payload: -
Molniya (8K78)
Molniya-M (L) (8K78M (L))
Molniya-M (ML) (8K78M (ML))
Molniya-M (VL) (8K78M (VL))
Molniya-M (MVL) (8K78M(MVL))
Molniya-M (SO-L) (8K78M (SO-L))
(8K78M (2BL))

Molniya (8K78)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0107
4.1 ×S1.5400 (L)

Total mass :303,500 kg
Apogee: 400,000 km

Payload:
(TMT) 900 kg
Apogee: 400,000 km

Fairing:
(M1)
(M2)
(M3)
(M4)
, M (F)
, , Mars
,
-1

Launches: 40 (Failures: 19)
/1960-1967/

Payload:

(8K78) 4-8 (6), 1-3, 1,2, 1-4, -1



Molniya - M (8K78 M)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0107
4.1 ×S1.5400 (L)

Payload:
(TLT)
(820 km)
(MoO)
5,000
1,800
1,600
kg
kg
kg
(8K78L)
(8K78M)
(8K78M)

Total mass :305,460 kg
Apogee: 400,000 km

Fairing:
(M2)
(M3)
(M4)
(M5)
(M5)
(M5)
, , Mars
,
-1
-3, -3
- ()

Launches: 280 (Failures: 14)
/1965-2010/
L F
(8K78M)
L
ML
VL
MVL
SO-L
2BL
10
163
4
4
10
89
2
6
1
2

3
/1965-1970/
/1968-2005/
/1967-1969/
/1970-1972/
/1972-1985/
/1972-2010/

Payload:

(8K78M L) 7-14 (6, 6, 6, 6)

(8K78M ML) -1,
-2, -3

(8K78M VL) 4,5,6

(8K78M MVL) 7,8

(8K78M 2BL) - (),
Interbol, Magion, IRS,
Skipper, MuSat

(8K78M SO-L) ,


Voskhod (11A57)

Voskhod (11A57)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0108

Total mass: 298,400 kg
Apogee: 200 km

Payload:
(LEO) 5,900 kg

Fairing:
(V1)
(V2)
(V2)
(V4)

-2, 4
-4
-4

Launches: 299 (Failures: 13)
/1963-1976/
L F
(11A57) 299 13 /1963-1976/

Payload:
, -2
-2, -4, -4, -4


Soyuz-L (11A511L)
Soyuz (11A511)
Soyuz-M (11A511M)
Soyuz-U (11A511U)
Soyuz-U2 (11A511U2)
Soyuz-U (11A511U) IIkar
Soyuz-U (11A511U) Fregat

Soyuz (11A511)

Engines:
1.
4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 308,000 kg
Apogee: 200 km

Payload:
(LEO) 6,450 kg(450 km)



Soyuz - L (11A511 L)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 300,000 kg
Apogee: 200 km

Payload:
(LEO) 5,500 kg(200 km)



Soyuz - M (11A511 M)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 300,000 kg

Payload:
(LEO) 6,600 kg(200 km)



Soyuz - U (11A511 U
)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0110

4.none
1 × 17D61 (IIkar)
1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)

Total mass: 310,000 kg

Payload:
(LEO) 7,200 kg(200 km)
(SSO) 2,750 kg(800 km)
(GSTT) 2,400 kg



Soyuz - U2 (11A511 U2)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107
2.1 ×RD-108
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 297,800 kg

Payload:
(LEO) 7,050 kg(200 km)






Fairing:

(L)
(3, 2)
(V2)
(V4)

,
,
A(1) , ,
,
A(2)
A(3)

,
,
(E1)
(E2)
(E3)
(E4)
(E5)
(E6)
A(3)
1-11
12-40

16,19,22


M
(1)

Globalstar
S

Cluster,


Launches: 901 (Failures: 25)
/1966-2017/
L F
(11A511)
(11A511L)
(11A511M)

(11A511U)
-
Fregat
Ikar


(11A511U2)
32
3
8


776
4
6

72
2




23
/1966-1976/
/1970-1971/
/1971-1976/


/1973-2017/
/2000-2000/
/1999-1999/

/1982-1995/

Payload:

(11A511) , 1-23

(11A511L) (3, 2)

(11A511M) -4

(11A511U, U2) , , -, -, , -, -, -, -, -2, -4, -4, -4, -4, -6, -8, , -1, -2, -41, -42, -41, -41, -1, -2, -, , -, , , , EgyptSat, ,

(11A511U Ikar) Globalstar

(11A511U Fregat) Cluster, /

Soyuz FG

Soyuz - FG

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 305,000 kg
Apogee: 193 km

Payload:
(LEO)7,420 kg(200 km)

Fairing:
(E6)
A(3)
A / MC
- /

Launches: 60 (Failures: 1)
/2001-2019/
L F
(FG) 60 1 /2001-2019/

Payload:
-, -,
-1, -


Soyuz FG Fregat

Soyuz - FG Fregat

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110
4. 1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)

Fairing:
S
SL

Launches: 10 (Failures: 0)
/2003-2012/
L F
(FG Fregat) 10 /2003-2012/

Payload:
Globalstar, Mars Express, AMOS, Galaxy, Venus Express, GIOVE, Radarsat, Kanopus, BKA, Zond-PP, exact View, TET




Soyuz 2.1A Fregat
Soyuz 2.1b Fregat
Soyuz STA Fregat
Soyuz STA Fregat-M
Soyuz STB Fregat-M
Soyuz STB Fregat-MT

Soyuz - 2.1a Fregat


Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)
1 ×S5.92 (Fregat M)

Fairing:
SF
ST



Soyuz - 2.1b Fregat

Engines:
1.4 × RD-107A-14D22
2.1 × RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0124
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)
1 ×S5.92 (Fregat M)

Fairing:
SF
SL
ST



Soyuz - STa Fregat

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)
1 ×S5.92 (Fregat M)

Fairing:
ST


Payload:
(SSO)
(MoO)
(GSTT)
4,450 kg
1,990 kg
2,730 kg



Soyuz - STb Fregat

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0124
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat M)
1 ×S5.92 (Fregat MT)

Fairing:
ST


Payload:
(SSO)
(MoO)
(GSTT)
(IipT)
4,900 kg
2,410 kg
3,060 kg
1,200 kg

Launches: 95 (Failures: 3)
/2006-2022/
L F
(2.1a Fregat) 20 /2006-2022/
(2.1b Fregat) 48
2 /2006-2022/
(STa Fregat)
(STa Fregat-M)
2
7
/2011-2012/
/2014-2020/
(STb Fregat-M) 3 /2018-2022/
(STb Fregat-MT) 15 /2011-2021/

Payload:

(2.1a Fregat) , M-, , , , , Globalstar, METOP

(2.1b Fregat) , -K, -M, , , , , EgyptSat, COROT, -M, OneWeb, Khayyam, ,

(STa Fregat) Pleaides-HR, SSOT, ELISA

(STa Fregat-M) Sentinel, SES, CSG, CHEOPS, ANGELS, Eye-Sat, OPS-SAT, CSO

(STb Fregat-M) METOP, OneWeb

(STb Fregat-MT) Galileo, O3b-FM, Gaia, Hispasat


Soyuz 2.1a
Soyuz 2.1b

Soyuz - 2.1b

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0124

Payload:
(LEO)
(SSO)
7,800 kg
4,900 kg



Soyuz - 2.1a

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110

Total mass: 310,000 kg
Apogee: 240 km

Payload:
(LEO)
(SSO)
7,800 kg
4,450 kg

Fairing:
A(1)
A(2)
A(3)
ST
STK
(6)
2.1a, 2.1b
2.1b
2.1a
2.1b
2.1b
2.1

Launches: 49 (Failures 1)
/2004-2022/
L F
(2.1a)
(2.1b)
35
14
1 /2004-2022/
/2008-2022/

Payload:

(2.1a) (), -M, , BeeSat, OSSI, -4K2M, -M, -, -, -,

(2.1b) , -,
-, -, / ()


Soyuz 2.1a Volga

Soyuz - 2.1b Volga

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A-14D22
2.1 ×RD-108A-14D21
3.1 ×RD-0110
4.1 × 17D61 (Volga)

Fairing:
ST

Launches: 1 (Failures: 0)
/2016/
L F
(2.1a Volga) 1 /2016-2016/

Payload:
-300 (),

Soyuz 2.1v
2.1v Volga

Soyuz - 2.1v

Engines:
1.1 ×NK-33-1
2.1 ×RD-0124

Payload:
(LEO)
(SSO)
3.050 kg
1,400 kg

Fairing:`
A(2)




Soyuz - 2.1v (Volga)

Engines:
1.1 ×NK-33-1

2.1 ×RD-0124
3. 1 × 17D61 (Volga)

Payload:
(LEO)
(SSO)
3.050 kg
1,400 kg

Fairing:`
A(2)

Launches: 8 (Failures: 0)
/2013-2021/
L F
(2.1v Volga)
(2.1v)
7
2
/2013-2022/
/2018-2021/

Payload:
(2.1v) ,

(2.1v Volga) ,
,




(Geos) Yamal


Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×RD-120M
3.1 ×RD-0124



Soyuz - 2.3

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×NK-33-1 (+)
3.1 ×RD-0124
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)

Payload:
(LEO) 9,700 kg
10,000 kg
10,700 kg

(Plesetsk)
(Baikonur)
(Kourou)
(GSO) 1,000 kg
1,360 kg
2,600 kg

(Plesetsk)
(Baikonur)
(Kourou)



Soyuz - 2.3

Engines:
1.4 × RD-155
2.1 ×NK-33-1(+)
3.1 ×RD-0124
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)

Payload:
(LEO) 13,000 kg


Soyuz - M (Rus)

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×RD-120M (++)
3.1 ×RD-0124 (+)
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)


(ex) Yamal

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×RD-120M (++)
3.1 ×RD-0124 (+)
3.1 × RD-161 (Taimyr)

Payload:
(GST)3,900 kg





Aurora

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×NK-33M (+++)
3.1 × RD-0154 (++)
3.1 × RD-58MFD (Corvet)




Yamal (Aurora)


Engines:
1.2 × RD-107A r RD-0155
2.1 ×NK-33M (+++)
3.1 ×RD-0124 (++)
3.1 × RD-58MFD (Corvet)

Payload:
(LEO)

(LPEO)
(SSO)
(MoO)
(GSTT)
(GSO)
IipT)
12,000 kg
10,600 kg
9,500 kg
9,200 kg
3,300 kg
4,500 kg
2,100 kg
3,000 kg
(200 km, 11,0)
(200 km, 51,6)




Soyuz - 2.3v

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A
2.1 ×NK-33-1 (+++)
3. 4 × RD-0146E (+++)
4.1 ×S5.92 (Fregat)



Soyuz - 3


Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A r RD-0155
2.1 ×NK-33-1 (+++)
3. 4 × RD-0146E

4.none
1 × RD-0126A (Yastreb)

Total mass: 392,000 kg

Payload:
(LEO)17,800 kg
(400 km, 90)

(LEO)14,000 kg (Kliper)
(200 km, 51)



Onega

Engines:
1.4 ×RD-107A r RD-0155
2.1 ×RD-190 (+++)
3. 4 × RD-0146E

4.none
1 × RD-0126A (Yastreb)


Yamal (Aurora) 1


Engines:
2.2 ×NK-33M (+)
2.1 ×NK-33M (+++)
3.1 ×RD-0124(++)
3.1 × RD-58MFD (Corvet)

Total mass: 372,000 kg

Payload:
(GSTT) 3,400 kg




Yamal (Aurora) 2


Engines:
2.4 ×NK-33M (+)
2.1 ×NK-33M (+++)
3.1 × RD-0124 (++)
3.1 × RD-58MFD (Corvet)

Total mass: 535,000 kg

Payload:
(GSTT) 6,000 kg




Yamal (Aurora) 3


Engines:
2.6 ×NK-33M(+)
2.1 ×NK-33M(+++)
3.1 × RD-0124 (++)
3.1 × RD-58MFD (Corvet)

Total mass: 695,000 kg

Payload:
(GSTT) 8,500 kg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12