USSR
†1† †2† †3† †4† †5† †6† †7† †8† †9† †10† †11† †12†
†††
Energia
††

Engines:
1.† 4 ׆†RD-170†
2.† 4 ׆ RD-0120†
††
3.† 2 ׆†RD-58†
2 × †11D442†
(Buran)
(TKS)
††
Total mass: 2,524,600
††

Maximum payload:
LEO: 88,000 kg† †(TKS)
105,000 kg† †(Buran)


Launches: 2 (Failures: 1)
/1987-1988/

Payload: ŌÓŽĢŮ (—ÍŤŰ-ńŐ), ŃůūŗŪ ő 
Energia





†Missiles††† Suborbital††††R-7 (Soyuz)††††Ur-500 (Proton)††††R-12, R-14 (Kosmos)†
†R-36 (Tsiklon)††††ICBM Derivatives††††N1††††Energia††††Zenit††††Angara††††Unflown†